Glossary


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Batch (cf. consignment or lot)
Set of units of a product which have been produced and/or processed or packaged under similar conditions.



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Food and feed chain
Sequence of the stages and operations involved in the production, processing distribution and handling of food and feed, from primary production to consumption.



Food business
Any undertaking, whether for profit or not and whether public or private, carrying out any of the activities related to any stage of production, processing and distribution of food.



Food business operation
Group of people and facilities involved in organising a food business with an arrangement of responsibilities, authorities and relationships.



Food business operator
The natural or legal persons responsible for ensuring that the requirements of food law are met within the food business under their control.



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Process
Set of interrelated or interacting activities which transform inputs into outputs.

Process flow diagram
A systematic representation of the sequence of steps or operations used in the production of a particular food or feed item.

Process step
A point, operation or stage in the production of a food or feed item, including receipt of raw materials, process operations and distribution.

Product
Output of a process.

Product identification
Process of assigning a unique code or other identifier to a batch of product (raw materials and in process or finished product).


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Traceability
Ability to trace the movement of a food or feed item through specified stages of production, processing and distribution (ISO 22005:2007). Ability to trace and follow a food, feed, food producing animal or substance intended to be incorporated into a food or feed, through all stages of production, processing and distribution. (Regulation 178/2002).


Traceability analysis
The process of collecting and evaluating information on product identity to decide which criteria are significant for traceability and therefore should be addressed in a traceability system.


Traceability system
Operations and recorded information that is capable of maintaining desired information about a product and its components through all or part of its production, processing and distribution.


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