Regulation (EU) 931/2011 lays down provisions clarifying the traceability requirements set by Regulation (EC) 178/202 to food business operations in respect of food of animal origin. This Regulation applies to unprocessed and processed products. It does not apply to food containing products of plant and processed products of animal origin.
Food businesses are required to make certain information available to the food business to whom the product is supplied and upon request to the competent authority.
- Description of the food
- The volume or quantity
- The name and address of the food business from which the product has been dispatched and name and address of the owner if different.
- The name and address of the food business to whom it is dispatched and name and address of the owner if different
- A reference identifying the lot, batch or consignment as appropriate.
- The date of dispatch.
In addition, the information must be updated on a daily basis and kept at least available until it can be reasonably assumed that the food has been consumed.
Identification to facilitate traceability
For products of animal origin which have been produced in an approved establishment must bear an identification mark which is unique to that establishment.
Establishments are approved by local authorities and the application mark is two fold.
- First to demonstrate that the product has been produced in an establishment that is in compliance with Food Hygiene legislation.
- Secondly to provide the competent authority with a code which identifies where the product was produced.
The identification and health marks contains the following information in an oval:
- the name of the country in which the product was processed, or more commonly its two-letter ISO (International Standards Organisation) country code e.g. UK;
- the national approval number of the facility where the food was processed (the format of the approval number can be country-specific);
- the letters EC for European Community.
An example of a simple identification mark: UK 1000 EC. Where UK is the country code for the United Kingdom. 1000 is the national approval number of an establishment in England, and EC stands for European Community.